The glass menagerie essay

As the evening progresses, Jim recognizes Laura's feelings of inferiority and encourages her to think better of herself. He and Laura share a quiet dance, in which he accidentally brushes against her glass menagerie, knocking a glass unicorn to the floor and breaking off its horn. Jim then compliments Laura and kisses her. After Jim tells Laura that he is engaged to be married, Laura asks him to take the broken unicorn as a gift and he then leaves.

When Amanda learns that Jim is to be married, she turns her anger upon Tom and cruelly lashes out at him, although Tom did not know that Jim was engaged. Tom seems quite surprised by this, and it is possible that Jim was only making up the story of the engagement as he felt that the family was trying to set him up with Laura, and he had no romantic interest in her. The play concludes with Tom saying that he left home soon afterward and never returned.

He then bids farewell to his mother and sister and asks Laura to blow out the candles. It then moved to the Royale Theatre from July 1, , until its closing on August 3, The show was directed by Eddie Dowling and Margo Jones. The cast for opening night was as follows:. Laurette Taylor's performance as Amanda set a standard against which subsequent actresses taking the role was to be judged, typically to their disadvantage. The characters and story mimic Williams' own life more closely than any of his other works. Williams whose real name was Thomas closely resembles Tom; his mother, Amanda.

His sickly and mentally unstable older sister Rose provides the basis for the fragile Laura whose nickname in the play is "Blue Roses", a result of a bout of pleurosis as a high school student , though it has also been suggested that Laura may incorporate aspects of Williams himself, referencing his introverted nature and obsessive focus on just one aspect of life writing for Williams and glass animals in Laura's case. Rose was left incapacitated and institutionalized for the rest of her life.

With the success of The Glass Menagerie , Williams was to give half of the royalties from the play to his mother. He later designated half of the royalties from his play Summer and Smoke to provide for Rose's care, arranging for her move from the state hospital to a private sanitarium. Eventually, he was to leave the bulk of his estate to ensure Rose's continuing care. The play was reworked from one of Williams' short stories "Portrait of a Girl in Glass" ; published Certain elements have been omitted from the play, including the reasons for Laura's fascination with Jim's freckles linked to a book that she loved and often reread, Freckles by Gene Stratton-Porter.

Generally, the story contains the same plot as the play, with certain sections given more emphasis, and character details edited for example, in the story, Jim nicknames Tom "Slim", instead of "Shakespeare" [6]. Another basis for the play is a screenplay Williams wrote under the title of The Gentleman Caller. Williams had been briefly contracted as a writer to MGM , and he apparently envisioned Ethel Barrymore and Judy Garland for the roles that eventually became Amanda and Laura, although when the play was eventually filmed in , Gertrude Lawrence was cast as Amanda and Jane Wyman as Laura.

In , after several reworkings, while touring on the road, the play arrived at the Civic Theatre in Chicago. The producers wanted more changes and were heavily pressuring Williams for a happy ending. The play had not found an audience and production was being considered for closing after the opening night in Chicago. They praised the production, especially the writing and the performance by Laurette Taylor, with Cassidy writing about it several times.

These reviews drove Chicago audiences to the Civic Theater and the play became a hit, propelling it to Broadway the next year. Two Hollywood film versions of The Glass Menagerie have been produced. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote, "As much as we hate to say so, Miss Lawrence's performance does not compare with the tender and radiant creation of the late Laurette Taylor on the stage.

If anything, this was even less well-received than the earlier film and sank without much attention. However, The New York Times reviewer noted it "starts stiffly and gets better as it goes along, with the dinner-party sequence its biggest success; in this highly charged situation, Miss Woodward's Amanda indeed seems to flower.


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But quiet reverence is its prevailing tone, and in the end, that seems thoroughly at odds with anything Williams ever intended. In , an Indian adaptation of the play, filmed in the Malayalam language, was released, titled Akale At a Distance. The Iranian film Here Without Me is also an adaptation of the play, in a contemporary Iranian setting. The version is not known to survive but recordings of the other two are in circulation. In , Caedmon Records produced an LP version as the initial issue of its theatre series. The recording is now available in the form of an audio app.

The first television version, recorded on videotape and starring Shirley Booth , was broadcast on December 8, , as part of CBS Playhouse. The videotape, long thought to be lost, was reconstructed from unedited takes found in the archives of the University of Southern California and an audio recording of the original telecast.

It was directed by Anthony Harvey. Tom's initial soliloquy is cut from this version; it opens with him walking alone in an alley, sitting on a rampart to read the newspaper and having his sister's and mother's voices conjure up the first domestic scene.

All four actors were nominated for Emmy Awards , with Moriarty and Miles winning. The Glass Menagerie has had several Broadway revivals. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the film adaptations, see The Glass Menagerie film. But I am the opposite of a stage magician. He gives you an illusion that has the appearance of truth. I give you truth in the pleasant disguise of illusion.

Literary Devices in The Glass Menagerie

Program to The Glass Menagerie. Everyman Theatre, Baltimore, —14 season. University of Chicago Press. Archived from the original on Retrieved CBS Playhouse" archive.


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Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 28 April CS1 maint: archived copy as title link. Theatre portal United States portal. Works by Tennessee Williams. The audience can connect with the main characters. This play suggests a repressed desire boiling under the surface. Tom holds this burning passion; he wants to get out there and explore the world.

This burning desire explains why Tom visits a witchdoctor and finds a way of getting out of a coffin without the hustle of pulling any nail.

Essay: Glass Menagerie (Tennessee Williams)

Looking for essay on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Absence of Mr. Wingfield affects his children and wife greatly.

Essays on The Glass Menagerie

Tom has to work for the family whilst Laura knows only a nagging mother. Perhaps she would gain self-confidence and self-esteem if she had her father around her. Amanda is ever worried because of her fatherless family. To counter her fears, Amanda enrols Laura in a business school hoping that she would be stable; provide for her self and probably for the family. This stems from the fact that she fears without a father; her family would be insecure. If only Mr.

Wingfield were around, she would be financially secure. These adjectives come out clearly in the context of the play.

Intense emotion in scene 3 of The Glass Menagerie Essay

Audience may respond to this statement by concurring to it. Laura has to blow out her candles and reach for the lighting that lights the world nowadays. Tom is the protagonist in this story.