Strengths of genie case study
Extreme Social Isolation of a Child. American Journal of Sociology. Final Note on a Case of Extreme Isolation. Mason, M. Learning to speak after six and one-half years of silence, Journal of Speech Disorders, 7, I agree an advantage of using case studies is the vast amount of information collected.
This can range from biological information, to observations, to psychological tests. Genie is a classic case study and has had a large amount of influence on the theories of privation.
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However, as you say a case like this is rare, this raises questions about its reliability and makes it very difficult to generalise. On the other hand I think it is important to take advantage of these situations when they arise. In the case of Genie although it is horrific and very traumatic for the child, steps must be taken to ensure that no further harm comes to her but to collect information to help understanding in psychology. I agree that case studies have both many strengths and weaknesses, some of which affect its validity.
They are good at providing a lot of in depth information, however they only relate to one person or a small group of people. This means that they lack validity as the results cannot be applied to a larger population. I think that case studies could be improved if the studies were able to be replicated, so that the study is still insightful and detailed but also more researchers could study whether the results could then be generalised.
This would make case studies more valuable in psychological research. I believe that case studies are very useful within the Psychological approach as they study a specific behaviour in alot of detail, this is extremely useful when trying to provide practical applications for a piece of research to help people in society. However they can pose great problems, firstly they are extremely subjective as often the researcher must interpret findings the problem with the findings being subjective is that they can be prone to researcher bias, this is when the researcher changes the findings in order to fit their preconcieved theories.
But all in all case studies can be extremely useful within the field of Psychology. You make valid points on the advantages and disadvantages of the use of case studies.
The Strengths and Weaknesses of Case Studies | UniversalClass
True they cannot be generalised to a wider population nor are they ethically replicable. However, case studies have provided Psychology with important insight in to many fields of research. Famous case studies such as Anna O.
I like your point that case studies should be invested in, they are an valid research method and should continue when the opportunity arrises. I think that case studies are highly important for psychological practise. As with every research method case studies have their positives and negatives, however I feel that their benefits outweigh the negatives, therefore they should not be discredited.
It would be my opinion that case studies are an excellent form of gathering in-depth information on a subject. Particually useful for investigation anomolies which arise from a wider research program. You are commenting using your WordPress.
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You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Nov Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading References Curtiss, S. In case studies behaviour is observed, in which correlations can suggest further experimental research into determining the cause and effect. However, no cause and effect can be linked to any particular behaviour as it is just an observation and no variables are being manipulated.
Case studies are also impossible to replicated, and have low reliability due to the effects of recall of past events, and the participants reactivity. Case studies are used to investigate individuals more closely, to have a better insight into their specific characteristics and behavioural patterns. It allows psychologist to have a better understanding of a particular behaviour in the participants own environment. A case study enhances our understanding on behaviour and gives us a rare insight into some psychological phenomenon.
Gleitman, H. Psychology 8 th ed. Previous Are questionnaires useful? With regard to practicality, case studies are not the most appropriate research method to use in psychology as they are hugely time consuming and normally document one person. Nonetheless irrespective of the practicality aspects, case studies are a highly beneficial as you have highlighted in that they can potentially enable the construction of new hypothesises from the original body of information gathered.
This was demonstrated in the case of Phineas Gage. As you have mentioned Phineas Gage experienced a dramatic personality change. Damasio, drew on the notes included in the original case study of Gage to precisely answer this question of why Gage had experienced such a dramatic change in personality.
From this it was concluded that this damage had subsequently impaired his ability to make decisions. This conclusion was confirmed through analysis with other patients who had suffered similar head trauma. Furthermore two other cases were investigated one in and one in An example of a case study is Genie who was a feral child who showed the importance of development in the early years of a childs life however we cannot know whether in every case like Genies would the child be the same.
I think that yes case studies are important in research but they are one-offs. They cannot be used as reliable evidence as there way to replicate the environment etc. Also if something happens in one case it does not mean that it can happen again with another individuals or even the same individual again. This is because everyone has there own individual characteristics and will act different in different situations.
I do see the important of case studies from the example you have given of Phineas Gage I think that if laboratory and case studies could work together then it could create research that has findings that have individuality of people but also the backing of a large sample of people. This would make research findings more reliable but may not be possible. A case study involves being able to observe a person or a group of people. This is essential for psychologists as not every situation can be held in a lab.
It is also a good starting point for new research. As a case study does not involve the researcher, it holds mundane realism. Case studies and laboratory experiments are very different and are required for differernt situations. As an example, the study of Genie was appropriate, in this situation a laboratory experiment would not have been.
In this case study Genie was a feral child who was abused and isolated so learned to adapt in a way that was not civil, psychologists were able to watch Genie and learn from her as a first reaction to finding her. By studying this feral child psychologists were able to get a better understanding of language and social development. Case studies have high validity and are easier for applying to the general population, they also allow psychologists to study sensitive areas. Over all you can see that case studies are required within psychology to allow progression of research.
Version I think that case studies are an in-valuable resource in psychology despite their limitations. Case studies allow research into areas little understood by psychologists due to ethical restrictions.
For example the case of Clive Wearing. Wearing was an accomplished musician before contracting a type of herpes which normally only causes cold saws. However in his case the virus damaged the of the brain responsible for transferring memories from short term to long term memory the hippocampus. This resulted in him being unable to encode lasting new memories since the point of his illness until the present day. He has a memory of less than 30 seconds, sometimes as little as 7 seconds.