Hard times essay introduction

Sissy, who loves Louisa deeply, visits Harthouse and convinces him to leave Coketown forever. Bounderby, furious that his wife has left him, redoubles his efforts to capture Stephen. When Stephen tries to return to clear his good name, he falls into a mining pit called Old Hell Shaft. Rachael and Louisa discover him, but he dies soon after an emotional farewell to Rachael. Gradgrind and Louisa realize that Tom is really responsible for robbing the bank, and they arrange to sneak him out of England with the help of the circus performers with whom Sissy spent her early childhood.

Sparsit, anxious to help Bounderby find the robbers, drags Mrs. Pegler—a known associate of Stephen Blackpool—in to see Bounderby, thinking Mrs. Pegler is a potential witness. Bounderby recoils, and it is revealed that Mrs. Pegler is really his loving mother, whom he has forbidden to visit him: Bounderby is not a self-made man after all. Angrily, Bounderby fires Mrs.

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Sparsit and sends her away to her hostile relatives. Five years later, he will die alone in the streets of Coketown. Gradgrind gives up his philosophy of fact and devotes his political power to helping the poor. Tom realizes the error of his ways but dies without ever seeing his family again.

While Sissy marries and has a large and loving family, Louisa never again marries and never has children. Hard Times by: Charles Dickens. Themes Motifs Symbols Key Facts. Important Quotations Explained. Summary Plot Overview. Next section Book the First: Sowing: Chapters 1—4. Hard Times: Popular pages. Sparsit does not love Mr. Bounderby yet she wishes to marry him for his money and rank.

This essay will explore different aspects of Mrs. Sparsit is quite an important character in the novel. She is a blue blood, elderly woman and a reputable widow who has fallen on tough times and needs to work for Bounderby. She is Mr. She goes to inhabit the bank apartments when Bounderby weds Louisa.

Her characterizing attributes are her narrow-mindedness, her deceptive nature and the way she controls people to get what she needs. Obviously her superseding desire is to pulverize Bounderby's marriage to Louisa so she can wed him herself.

Utalitarian Principle in Charles Dickens Hard Times

There is consistent reference is made to Mrs. It could be said, she goes about as the inverse to Bounderby, having begun off with a high social position and afterward sunk down into destitution, while Bounderby probably has made the same voyage yet the other way. Considering these attributes, it is clear then that "Sparsit" shows and focuses towards the sort of niggardly nature that epitomizes Mrs.

Sparsit - niggardly in both her character and with her accounts. Her great qualities are "sparse" and her exercises and properties demonstrate that her character itself is exceptionally restricted to her own particular self-serving interests. She spends her days pouring tea and doing other housekeeping jobs and duties for him in light of a yearly stipend. Mrs Sparsit is one of the characters utilized as a part of the novel for comic purposes.

All through the novel Dickens analyzes Mrs Sparsit to different whimsical pictures to highlight her comic qualities and for unexpected purposes to parody the Utilitarian theory. Dickens nearly proposes that she is a witch who could be "suspected of dropping over the banisters or sliding down them", as she sneaks about Bounderby's home quickly. Saving with words, she is truly a "sitter," first in Bounderby's home and later in his bank.

Hard Times by Charles Dickens - Full Audiobook

She loans her respectability and society to his rough, uneducated environment. She seems to accept Mr. She despises him, and spits on his photo when he is not there.


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All through the novel, Mrs. Sparsit plots and plans for her own benefit.

Charles Dickens’s "Hard Times": A Critique of Benthamite Utilitarianism

Her part in the first book is one of standing by and observing; in the second book, she proceeds with this part and uses Bitzer, who is hopeful to join the middle class, to bring revenge upon Bounderby; in the last book, she serves as a source and is compensated by losing her position with Bounderby and by being constrained to live with a detested relative, Lady Scadgers.

One thing that is clear in the novel is Mrs. Sparsit's disapproval to Mr. She pities Mr. Bounderby and repeatedly says that she wishes he was as cheerful as he used to be. Sparsit does. This is the main time in the novel that Bounderby feels warm feeling towards anybody, yet he can't characterize whether it is towards Mrs.

Fact And Fancy In Hard Times English Literature Essay

Sparsit or Louisa. He ponders, be that as it may, what this inclination may be. It is clear that Mr. It is true that Mrs.


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  7. Sparsit has a certain familiarity and history that Louisa does not have with him. She has noticed the reality that they don't share the same room, and she fancies that their marriage will end in a debacle. She raised in her psyche a relentless Staircase, with a dim pit of disgrace at the base; and down those stairs, from every day and hour to hour, she saw Louisa coming.

    Envious by the fact that she was being driven out by Louisa, she watches with happiness as the wrong kinship amongst Louisa and James Harthouse advances. Sparsit is not depicted in the novel as a supporter of the philosophy of fact and Dickens hints here that Mrs. Sparsit has a great deal of extravagant and creative ability, yet this extravagant and creative energy have the outcome that Bounderby chooses to release her from his administration on account of her obstruction in his private life. She knows all of his habits and preferences which causes a problem in Mr.

    Bounderby, then again, has his eyes set on the boasting privileges of having Mrs. Sparsit as his employee. He is very proud of her reputation, since his notoriety increments through the talk that a mean-conceived yet now an affluent man houses such a VIP. Generally as he makes up his own experience, he develops hers by and by, telling everybody that she originates from the noblest of the aristocracy.

    After Bounderby weds Louisa, Mrs. Sparsit makes it her central goal to undermine and destroy the marriage and to get Louisa in the demonstration of infidelity. Due to the fact that she is jealous of Louisa after her marriage, she searches for any chance to disparage Louisa and constantly spies on her.